There are mainly two types: Personal deverbatives, which usually occur in the noun classes denoting persons and the noun classes denoting instruments. Examples [la] puer laudandus est “the boy should be praised” Ger: gerund. 4.1 In order to refer to clay coils, Great Lakes Bantu languages have created nouns along two different lines of onomasiological development. adjective Formed from a verb, such as the noun worker derived from the verb work. Noun class object concord verbal stem verbal ending deverbative — The use of the-er suffix in unconventional word-forming patterns Some examples of-er deverbative piitters (no otr the Shakespearea doers, n though) are recorde Kirchned in 1952r comer-outer: (156) getter-up, (279), go-withouter (364) etc —. We can break down this rule … Nouns are frequently derived from verb roots, which requires a noun prefix as well as a deverbative suffix, as illustrated in the following examples of nouns formed from the verb root -hamb- ‘travel, go’: (1a) u-(lu)-hamb-o ‘journey’ (1b) u-m(u)-hamb-i ‘traveller’ The deverbative suffixes in (1) are -o and -i. A first group of nouns is shown in the example table (1). The rule looks like this: To make the plural form of a noun, add –s to the end of the noun. In this article, the focus is on the morphophonemic rules that apply when deverbative nouns are formed in Northern Sotho. For the purpose of our study and experiments, a deverbative noun is defined as a noun which in fact describes a state or event and can be easily paraphrased using its base verb without substantial change in meaning. deverbative throughout here, to avoid possible narrow interpretation of “event”. It concerns in all cases deverbative nouns. The word “kgatelelo” is a noun derived from the verbal root –gatelel- (which means to “press”) and a suffix –a. The relation between the-er suffix and the compound verb (i getter-up,n come-outer and comer-outer) is treated by Peprni (1955. k 216—7). (1) Deverbative nouns designating coils of … noun A deverbative word or element. In English it shares the morphological form with present participle, which may mean that the tagset will not distinguish it from the participle. We can look at a simple example rule that makes the English plural form of a noun (i.e. (b) Deverbatives are nouns formed by using mostly a prefix + a verbal root + a deverbative suffix. The class prefix is placed that takes the root cat and adds an –s to the end to make cats). A finite-state transducer for Northern Sotho deverbative nouns: The morphophonemic rules November 2009 Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 23(4):393-403 Another example of a deverbative is “pressure” which was translated as “kgatelelo”. Below is the structure of a deverbative “kgatelelo”. Leco has also deverbative derivative suffixes (which derive nouns from verbs), as, for example, the infinitivizer -sich in (6), which derives an infinitive form which functions as the subject of a sentence; and the agentive -no, which form derived nouns which express an agentive, such as lamas-no 'worker'. adjective Used in derivation from a verb, such as the suffix -er in teacher. noun deverbative a word formed or derived from a verb 3; adjective deverbative formed or derived from a verb 3; adjective deverbative formed from a verb 3; adjective deverbative used in the formation of a word from a verb 3; noun deverbative a deverbative word 3; adjective deverbative (especially of nouns) derived from a verb, as the noun driver from the verb drive. Gerund is a non-finite verb form that shares properties of verbs and nouns. English plural form of a deverbative is “ pressure ” which was translated as kgatelelo! 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