Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Also known as Goose-beaked Whale. (Perimyotis subflavus) Lives in colonies. 6.5 inches long. Classified as regionally extinct (no wild occurrences) in Maryland. Emits red ink-like substance if frightened. Fast swimmer. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 50 feet long; weighs up to 70 tons; large callus-covered head and thick black or gray body; lack dorsal fin; thick blubber layer; baleen plates in mouth. Lives in small pod. Skilled climber. Seal, Hooded (Cystophora cristata) Classified as regionally extinct (no wild occurrences) in Maryland. Hunts prey in groups, similar to wolf packs. 8 inch long tail; may be colors other than black. Shrew, Cinereus (Sorex cinereus) Burrows. Hibernates during winter months. Skilled climber. Named for Frederick W. True, who first described them. Can reach speeds up to 18 mph. Also known simply as Possum, or North American Opossum. Known for "playing possum," the involuntary comatose or catatonic reaction to fear that makes the possum appear dead. Muskrat, Common (Ondatra zibethicus) Carnivore; phocidae; 6 to 8 feet long; 300 to 600 pounds; gray-silver body, black heads, dark spots on body, inflatable nasal septum and sac or hood on male's head. Deer tracks on sand, New Germany State Park, Grantsville, Maryland, October 2015. Highly intelligent. Mouse, White-footed (Peromyscus leucopus) Dolphin, Risso's (Grampus griseus) Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana), Irvine Nature Center exhibit at Ladew Topiary Gardens, 3535 Jarrettsville Pike, Monkton, Maryland, October 2019. Can reach speeds up to 39 mph. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Glen Burnie, Maryland, January 2011. Mouse, Deer (Peromyscus maniculatus) Pack hunter. 4 inches long (including tail). Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. 5.1 to 8.4 inches long (including tail). Migratory. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8.2 to 9 inches long. Herd animal. Sprays an odorous secretion as a defense mechanism. Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana), Irvine Nature Center exhibit at Ladew Topiary Gardens, 3535 Jarrettsville Pike, Monkton, Maryland, October 2019. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Whale, Cuvier's Beaked (Ziphius cavirostris) Skilled climber. Herbivore; diurnal; cervidae; 5.2 to 7.3 feet long, 2.7 to 3.3 feet tall at shoulders; weighs 130 to 300 lbs. Also known as Sea Cow. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 6.2 inches long (including tail). Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; 5 to 11 feet long. Semi-aquatic. Also known as Bridled Dolphin, Gulf Stream Spotted Dolphin, and Spotted Porpoise. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. For more information, please contact: Maryland Department of Natural Resources Wildlife and Heritage Service Tawes State Office Building, E-1 Annapolis MD 21401 410-260-8540 Toll-free in Maryland: 1-877-620-8DNR Prefers deciduous forest near streams or ponds. Prefers forested, mountainous regions. ; distinct black-tipped feet, and white-tipped tail. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Largest and heaviest animal in the world. Named after Antoine Risso. Pack hunter. Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. Also known as Blackfish and Pothead. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 6.2 inches long (including tail). 15 inches long (excluding tail). Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Both male and female bison have a single set of short, sharply pointed, hollow horns that curve outward and up from the sides of the massive head. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Teeth can grow up to 4 inches long. Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Shrew, Southeastern (Sorex longirostris) Maryland Universities & Colleges Bat, Northern Long-eared (Myotis septentrionalis) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8 to 10 inches long (including tail). 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