Why and what is driving the increase? Migrants crossing the English Channel Insight. What would the UK be like without immigration? Migrants intercepted while attempting to cross Channel - 36 detained MORE THAN 30 migrants have been detained while attempting to cross the Channel by UK authorities. ", He added: "If you come illegally, you are an illegal migrant and, I'm afraid, the law will treat you as such.". Most are initially placed in hostel-type accommodation before longer-term housing is arranged. Border Force intercepted 13 boats between 6.20am and … They may also be given permission to stay for other reasons - for example, if they are an unaccompanied minor, or a victim of trafficking. Boys aged under 16 and all girls are sent to foster care or a dedicated care home. In 2019, more than 44,000 people, including dependents, applied for asylum in the UK. Shadow home secretary Dianne Abbott said the government's rhetoric on migration was "misleading the public". Around 200 illegal migrants reached Britain in dozens of vessels on Sunday in what was reportedly the worst-ever day for illegal Channel crossings. “There are obvious parallels with what is happening today,” she says. Voices. Why has South Africa not started vaccinating? They can include their partner and any children under 18 in the application if they are also in the UK. A record 6,000-plus asylum seekers crossed the English Channel to the United Kingdom this summer from the French port of Calais. From there, it is likely they will be held at the Kent Intake Unit, near the car ferry terminal, where they can make an asylum claim and have an initial interview before being released. UK and France sign agreement to curb migrant crossings in English Channel ... make a difference” to the number of migrants crossing the Channel. BBC Worklife: Why some still don't trust women to lead, Baby Done comedy explores reluctance at motherhood. "It's fairly obvious that Iran is a repressive regime, they actively persecute their citizens.". © 2021 BBC. Charities suspect the high number of Iranians getting into boats is largely explained by their relative wealth compared with other migrants - they can afford to pay smuggling gangs for a place on a vessel. Unaccompanied children are usually taken into the care of Kent County Council. Alternatively, they may get permission to stay for other humanitarian reasons. Refugee activists and supporters demonstrated outside Napier Barracks in Kent welcoming migrants crossing the English Channel. Solicitor Sheona York, an immigration and asylum specialist at the Kent Law Clinic, said adultery, homosexuality and failing to follow Islam, known as apostasy, could lead to "cruel punishments and maybe the death penalty" in Iran. “Many migrants see it as a ‘now or never’ moment before the UK government cracks down on crossings,” a source told The Sun newspaper. If asylum is not offered and no other reason to stay in the UK is accepted, the person will be asked to leave the UK, either voluntarily or by force. In May the Home Affairs Committee released figures collated by the Home Office on the number of boats containing migrants crossing the Channel. Mr Yeo said only a "very small number" of failed asylum seekers were forcibly removed from the country. Migrants crossing the English Channel to the UK in 2020. Adults will be sent to hostel-style accommodation across the country, paid for by the government and provided by private contractors. Donald Trump issues pardons and commutations for more than 140 people in his final hours as president. But Mr Yeo said passing through a safe country like France without seeking refuge does not disqualify someone from being granted asylum in the UK. Once there, the figures suggest they have a high chance of being granted permission to stay. What happens to migrants found in the Channel? “Many migrants see it as a ‘now or never’ moment before the UK government cracks down on crossings,” a source told The Sun newspaper. In 2020, more than 9,500 made it across the water -- the numbers more than quadrupled on 2019 figures. What happens to your body in extreme heat? AROUND 12 migrants attempting to cross the English Channel have been intercepted by UK Border Force officials, it emerged this morning. 11,017 people have been reported illegally crossing the English Channel in small boats from safe countries since the start of 2018, including more than a 100 people on 9 January 2021.. English Channel Thursday February 6, 2020, 8:29 PM A record 90 migrants were intercepted by UK authorities in a surge of attempts to cross the busy English Channel on Thursday. But, while at least 1,890 foreigners reached British shores in small boats last year, the Home Office says only about 125 were returned to European countries during the same period. They look at things such as the country of origin of the asylum seeker or evidence of discrimination. In fact, experts say most of those crossing the Channel appear to have "strong" claims to asylum, with the majority hailing from Iran, according to the National Crime Agency (NCA). Priti Patel, the UK … Studying asylum figures for Iranian nationals would "give you a pretty good idea" of what is happening to people who arrive in small boats, Mr Yeo said. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}BBC Briefing on Immigration: How do I use it? Around 70 refugees were taken into the Port of Dover in Kent this morning following a rescue mission involving the … If they are in international waters, the UK will work with French authorities to decide where to take them. However, under an EU law called Dublin III asylum seekers can be transferred back to the first member state they entered. The figure is a new high for the number of people crossing in a day. Around 200 illegal migrants reached Britain in dozens of vessels on Sunday in what was reportedly the worst-ever day for illegal Channel crossings. torture or inhumane or degrading treatment, threat to civilian life from armed conflict. If migrants are found in UK national waters, it is likely they will be brought to a British port. "The government's own system indicates that recent asylum applications from Iranians are mostly valid; people making these dangerous journeys in small boats are likely to be genuine refugees," she said. If they reach UK waters, they are typically picked up by Border Force shortly after and are then taken ashore. Donald Trump issues pardons and commutations for more than 140 people in his final hours as president. BRITAIN is struggling to deport around 1,000 illegal migrants who crossed the Channel in small boats, ministers admitted. Sky News has witnessed several boats of migrants crossing the English Channel in one morning, with a group cheering "UK" as they headed towards Britain. Once an asylum application is under way, help with housing and money to live on is provided while the claim is processed. Once migrants are in the UK, they are usually taken to short-term holding centres. The remainder, like hundreds before them, slipped through the Strait of Dover and arrived in the UK. Illegal migrants captured by authorities after crossing the English Channel from France. Priti Patel, the UK Home Secretary, told MPs in July that 166 were ready to be returned and officials had asked Europe to receive almost 600 more. Home Office minister Chris Philp said authorities were trying to return the… Today’s surge of migrants intercepted is thought to be the most ever in a single day, ... More than 40 migrants intercepted by Border Force crossing English Channel. Unable to work legally, many of these failed asylum seekers then depend on charity handouts and "sofa surf" or are "essentially forced to work in the black market economy," he added. Published Monday, 04 November, 2019. At least 160 migrants crossed the English Channel into the UK over the weekend. The number of Iranians applying for asylum in the UK rose by 79% to 4,749 in the year up to September 2019, the Home Office says. But the figures suggest the reality is quite different. A new UK and French taskforce has stopped 500 migrants crossing the English Channel in small boats. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. "The UK should not be regarded as a place where you could automatically come and break the law by seeking to arrive illegally," Mr. Johnson said. Britain's Press Association news agency calculates that more than 7400 migrants have crossed the Channel to the UK by boat so far this year, up from about 1800 in all of 2019. Their high chance of being granted asylum means there is little incentive for them to attempt to slip into the country undetected. 150,000 Target. Video, Nasa finds cause of 'megarocket' test shutdown, Owners of Tiger King zoo ordered to surrender cubs, Pay-out over Starbucks 'slanty' eyes drawing, Pink seesaws at US-Mexico wall win design award, Wing 'clap' solves mystery of butterfly flight, Bali to deport influencer over Twitter thread, Jack Ma makes first appearance since October. However, the French Navy intercepted 11 boats containing a total of 191 migrants trying to get across the English Channel (see report). Two migrants… Why has South Africa not started vaccinating? image caption Small children were among those arriving in Dover after crossing the English Channel More than 400 migrants have crossed the English Channel in small boats - a record for a single day. Over the weekend, more than 150 migrants arrived in the UK after attempting to cross the Channel between mainland Europe and Britain. In August, PM Boris Johnson warned that the UK will send back migrants who sail across the Channel illegally. Authorities have repeatedly warned of the perils of attempting to cross the Channel. Asylum seekers can get a cash allowance of £37.75 per week for each household member, with extra support available for vulnerable groups such as children or pregnant women. But the UK will no longer be able to use Dublin III to send asylum seekers back to other EU member states at the end of the transition, on 31 December. Channel crossings: Record shattered as 409 migrants cross in a single day. Sky News has witnessed several boats of migrants crossing the English Channel in one morning, with a group cheering "UK" as they headed towards Britain. 416 migrants crossed the English Channel to reach UK shores in small boats today - significantly breaking the previous single-day record. "The main problem with the harsh rhetoric you get from politicians about these people being bogus asylum seekers, and [saying] 'send them back', is that they are actually genuine refugees," he added. Dozens more migrants have today been picked up crossing the English Channel in five boats – taking the total to arrive this year past a record 2,000. Under international law, people have the right to seek asylum in any country they arrive in. Fahad Ansari Priti Patel, ... Record shattered as 409 migrants cross English Channel in a single day. Why are migrants crossing the English Channel? The issue has attracted considerable parliamentary and media attention with the French and UK Governments committing to … "Some may well win their appeals and the rest of them are just stuck in the country in limbo," he said. Trump includes ex-aide Bannon in swathe of pardons, Cycling around the world with cancer. Up to 30 boats are believed to have brought at least 409 migrants across the Channel comfortably beating the previous daily record of 235 set on … A further 222 were reportedly prevented from crossing by … In contrast, migrants attempting to stow away in lorries and container ships are typically looking to avoid the authorities and "work illegally in the UK's shadow economy," according to Border Force. They arrived in small craft and while some slip into the UK unnoticed, others are apprehended on British beaches, or rescued when the craft they are riding in founder off shore. English Channel Migrants News NewsNow brings you the latest news from the world’s most trusted sources on English Channel migration. Asylum seekers in 'vermin-infested' housing. Similarly, entering the country illegally is also not automatic grounds for an asylum claim to be rejected. BBC Bitesize: Five things you will learn from the BBC Briefing. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}There have been more deaths in the English Channel of migrants who had reportedly been attempting to reach the UK. Dozens more migrants have today been picked up crossing the English Channel in five boats – taking the total to arrive this year past a record 2,000. More than 150 migrants were brought ashore in six hours after crossing the English Channel to the UK in small boats. Nearly 100 migrants make Channel crossing a week after family deaths. The Home Office said 58 males and seven … In the year up to September 2019, 63% of Iranian nationals - equating to 2,406 people - were granted asylum on their first try, with more winning on appeal, .css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:700;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}Home Office figures show. Most asylum seekers in the UK are not allowed to work. On 22 August last year, 94 people - including at least 10 children and one baby - piled into eight small boats on a beach in northern France and set sail for England's south coast. More than 200 migrants from Yemen, Iran, Sudan, Eritrea, Palestine, Iran, Kuwait, Egypt, Chad, Mali and Iraq crossed the English Channel in 20 boats … .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. It said it considered all cases on their individual merit and would continue to implement returns "as quickly as possible under international law". .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Trump includes ex-aide Bannon in swathe of pardons.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Biden to be sworn in as Trump leaves White House2, The other women in Kamala Harris' college photo3, Jack Ma makes first appearance since October4, Prada drops actress over alleged surrogacy row5, Bali to deport influencer over Twitter thread6, Owners of Tiger King zoo ordered to surrender cubs7, Pay-out over Starbucks 'slanty' eyes drawing8, US: China 'committed genocide against Uighurs'9, PM's aid cut damaged UK's moral leadership, says May10. This is an indicator these individuals are genuine refugees. This could arise from: Family members not already in the UK can apply to join those with refugee status or humanitarian protection. Much of this accommodation has previously been criticised by the immigration watchdog. People involved in political opposition also faced "authoritarian punishments," she said. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. BBC Worklife: Why some still don't trust women to lead, Baby Done comedy explores reluctance at motherhood, The cartoonists making mental health their muse, The other women in Kamala Harris' college photo, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Trump includes ex-aide Bannon in swathe of pardons.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, The other women in Kamala Harris' college photo2, Biden to be sworn in as Trump leaves White House3, Nasa finds cause of 'megarocket' test shutdown4, Owners of Tiger King zoo ordered to surrender cubs5, Pay-out over Starbucks 'slanty' eyes drawing6, Pink seesaws at US-Mexico wall win design award7, Wing 'clap' solves mystery of butterfly flight8, Bali to deport influencer over Twitter thread9, Jack Ma makes first appearance since October10. Rising numbers of migrants are trying to cross the English Channel in dinghies and other small boats. Biden to be sworn in as Trump leaves White House, US: China 'committed genocide against Uighurs', Women ending silence of sport abuse shake Greece, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Cycling around the world with cancer. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Almost 100 suspected organised people smugglers have … ADDRESSED TO: PRITI PATEL, HOME SECRETARY, AND BORIS JOHNSON, THE PRIME MINISTER. "If the Iranian authorities aren't interested in doing that, then the UK can't make them.". Wednesday’s total surpasses previous high of 235, set earlier this month Given the short distance between Dover and Calais, there are no international waters in the main area the migrants cross. To be eligible, they must prove they cannot return to their home country because they fear persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, gender identity or sexual orientation. Thirty were rescued by the French after getting into difficulty in the middle of the world's busiest shipping lane. Some are seeking to join family members in the UK, while others are simply looking to settle in an English-speaking country, Mr Yeo said. PA Media The UK coastguard is coordinating a search-and-rescue operation after several boats of migrants crossing from France were spotted in … The Immigration Services Union has said some even "put their lives at risk rather than agree to be rescued" by threatening to jump from their boats. Asylum seekers with an active application are entitled to free healthcare and children must attend school. The number of migrants attempting to cross the English Channel in small boats has risen sharply this year compared with 2018, according to recent estimates. Cycling around the world with cancer. However, this is not putting off many Iranians from trying. Four migrants who died when their boat capsized in the English Channel have been identified as members of a Kurdish-Iranian family whose 15-month-old boy is still missing. new UK and French taskforce has stopped 500 migrants crossing the English Channel in small boats. There are more facts about this topic and the wider debate around controlling or encouraging more people to our shores in our new BBC Briefing online guide to immigration, which you can download here (11.3MB). More than 50 were arrested by French authorities and brought back to France. Migrant crossings: At least 160 people cross English Channel into the UK. This is supposed to be done within six months, although most wait longer than this. The Migration Observatory says that only 25% now learn their fate in that time. ... “My thoughts are with the loved ones of those who tragically lost their lives in the Channel today. Migrants can receive legal aid for these appeals, which can sometimes take years, as well as continued financial and housing support. He said there were "particular problems" removing people without a valid passport to Iran because the receiving state needed to agree to them being returned. Boys aged 16 or 17 are sent to the Milbank reception centre in Ashford for about two months, before going to "semi-supported" shared accommodation. After five years, they can apply to settle in the UK. VideoCycling around the world with cancer, Biden's Iran nuclear challenge. Advertisement Migrants Crossing the English Channel to the U.K. Migrants Crossing the English Channel to the U.K. English Channel migrants boats using 'surge tactics' Nearly 1,900 migrants crossed the English Channel in small boats last year, prompting warnings … Dozens more migrants have today been picked up crossing the English Channel in five boats – taking the total to arrive this year past a record 2,000. “On the busiest day in 1914, 16,000 people arrived in Folkestone. More than a dozen migrants landing at a beach in Essex after crossing the English Channel in small boats have been returned to Germany and France, said the Home Office. Entry into the original EU country must be proven - either through fingerprinting records or an asylum claim. If it wants to continue returns, it will need to negotiate a new deal with the whole of the EU or each individual nation. The UK and France have signed a €31.4m (£28.2m) agreement aimed at reducing the number of migrants illegally crossing the English Channel. Around 70 refugees were taken into the Port of Dover in Kent this morning following a rescue mission involving the Border Force vessels Hunter and Seeker. They arrived in small boats and while some slip into the Britain unnoticed, others are apprehended on British beaches, or rescued when the craft they are riding in founder off shore. Nearly 8,000 people have arrived on U.K. shores this year, crossing the English Channel by boat — four times the number in 2019, when about 10 people died. The number of crossings is the most so far this year - and comes after a … .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Trump includes ex-aide Bannon in swathe of pardons. They can appeal against the decision, with just over a third of these 5,000 appeals accepted. Two migrants, … .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Nearly 1,900 migrants crossed the English Channel in small boats last year, prompting warnings from politicians that they would be sent back. Many migrants reportedly refuse to be picked up by French authorities for fear of being returned to mainland Europe. Channel crossings: Britain and France reach agreement to prevent migrants making journey. NewsNow aims to be the world’s most accurate and comprehensive English Channel migrants news aggregator, bringing you the latest headlines automatically and continuously 24/7. Sky News has witnessed several boats of migrants crossing the English Channel in one morning, with a group cheering "UK" as they headed towards Britain. "If an Iranian can reach the UK, then they have got a very good claim for asylum," said barrister Colin Yeo, who edits the immigration law website Free Movement. BBC Briefing on Immigration: How do I use it? Boats were also intercepted by Border Force or landed on UK beaches more than 630 times … Bridget Chapman, from Kent Refugee Action Network, said she worked with many asylum seekers arriving by boat. The next day, Prime Minister Boris Johnson told anyone hoping to follow them: "We will send you back. A group of migrants arrive on a boat at Dover following their crossing over the English Channel today The rescue operation was going on since at … (April 2020) Refugees and migrants began entering the United Kingdom by crossing the English Channel in small boats in November 2018. A number of children are believed to be among a few dozen migrants who were brought to East Sussex on Saturday. 416 migrants crossed the English Channel to reach UK shores in small boats today - significantly breaking the previous single-day record. An emotional plea for compassion for migrants crossing the English Channel has been beamed on to the White Cliffs of Dover. She said the government's "very tough talk" did not "take account of international law" and cited the UN's 1951 Refugee Convention which states "refugees should not be penalised for their illegal entry". 130,107 SIGNATURES. Many of the migrants crossing the English Channel claim asylum once they arrive in the UK. Between 1 January 2019 and 1 October 2020, 231 migrants who crossed the English Channel were returned to mainland Europe. 17 October – 170 people illegally cross to the UK from the Continent on 12 boats (see media report). Dozens more migrants have today been picked up crossing the English Channel in five boats – taking the total to arrive this year past a record 2,000. Asylum seekers get no choice in where they live. What and where Channel migrants are escaping from, Five-year wait for some children seeking asylum, Asylum claim targets 'being missed by weeks'. By Richard Percival PUBLISHED: 08:31, Sat, Aug 8, … Migrants who crossed Channel to UK ‘on hunger strike’ to avoid being ... Border Force officers have intercepted a number of boats crossing the Channel in recent weeks ... Today's Best Discounts. ore than 150 migrants were brought ashore in six hours after crossing the English Channel to the UK in small boats. Increased Sixfold in 2019 Despite stepped-up patrols, more than 1,800 people successfully crossed in … The majority of boats are intercepted in the Channel by Border Force and taken to the Port of Dover, where Home Office staff begin screening migrants in a shipping container. Sajid Javid under fire over Channel migrant comments, Migrants 'risk lives' with kayak Channel crossings, Trump includes ex-aide Bannon in swathe of pardons. It claimed at least one life last year. Migrants escorted by unscrupulous people traffickers today set sail from Dunkirk at dawn - with an estimated 400 landing in England. Number of crossings this year exceeded 8,000, compared to 1,835 last year Asylum seekers hope to receive refugee status, meaning they can stay. A significant proportion are thought to have crossed the Channel in small boats. Biden to be sworn in as Trump leaves White House, US: China 'committed genocide against Uighurs', Author vilified for Wuhan Diary speaks out a year on, Women ending silence of sport abuse shake Greece, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Cycling around the world with cancer. Asylum seekers are given £37.75 per week for essentials like food, clothes and toiletries while they wait for a decision. Read about our approach to external linking. Some campaigners want a safe and legal route introduced for migrants but there has also been focus on the role of people smugglers. Why are migrants crossing the English Channel? The figures show 562 migrants were recorded as attempting to cross in 2018. VideoBiden's Iran nuclear challenge, French students protest at Covid mental health toll. Increased Sixfold in 2019 Despite stepped-up patrols, more than 1,800 people successfully crossed in … Refugees and migrants began entering the United Kingdom by crossing the English Channel in boats in November 2018. How long they can stay will depend on their situation. Are there 800,000 illegal immigrants in the UK? Between 1 January 2019 and 1 October 2020, 231 migrants who crossed the English Channel were returned to mainland Europe.

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